Axanar: Don’t Say ‘Star Trek’ During Lawsuit About Star Trek

By December 21, 2016
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A federal judge in Los Angeles is expected to rule literally any day – or even hour – now on motions that could summarily end a copyright infringement lawsuit involving an “independent” Star Trek fan-film.

In the meantime, however, the defendants in the case – Axanar Productions and its principal Alec Peters – have asked the judge that if a trial must start next month, it do so without the use of the phrase “Star Trek.” Which might be considered odd, because the plaintiffs in the case – CBS Studios and Paramount Pictures Inc. – claim Axanar is unlawfully taking their Star Trek property to use as their own.

As part of a number of motions filed over the last few days by both sides to limit evidence, Axanar attorney Erin Ranahan says that if the court allows CBS and Paramount to talk about Star Trek, this would become a trademark case, not a copyright one. And it would ultimately just confuse the jury.

“In an effort to color, cloud and confuse the views of the court and the jury in this case, plaintiffs repeatedly and consistently refer to defendants’ actions in terms of the Star Trek brand or franchise, as though the suggestion that defendants’ works are ‘Star Trek films’ is sufficient to show substantial similarity and, therefore, copyright infringement.”

The issue that might stop this motion dead in its tracks, however, is not just that CBS and Paramount claim Axanar took from their Star Trek intellectual property, but that Axanar and Peters had created (or was in the process of creating) productions known as Star Trek: Prelude to Axanar and Star Trek: Axanar. Even after the lawsuit was filed nearly a year ago, Axanar continues to use “Star Trek” in its branding at convention appearances, online, and other places.

Ranahan also said the title Star Trek: Prelude to Axanar was “incorrect,” claiming that Axanar doesn’t “currently” use the name. However, Axanar has used “Star Trek” as part of the Prelude to Axanar name from the very beginning, including on its Kickstarter page that raised more than $100,000 for its production.

By calling it Star Trek: Prelude to Axanar, Ranahan argues it could influence a jury to think that Prelude was somehow related to Star Trek, part of the claim CBS and Paramount are making.

Ranahan didn’t stop there, however. She also wants to exclude any “non-original” elements CBS and Paramount have included in their complaint, like the appearance of Vulcans, and even names like “Klingons,” “Axanar,” and character names from past Star Trek episodes like Garth of Izar.

The judge in the case. R. Gary Klausner, already ruled against Axanar on a similar motion posed last summer, saying the elements like “pointy ears” and the Klingon language would remain – not because they are copyrightable, but because they are individual elements in a substantial similarity analysis, which would need to be conducted if this case does indeed go to trial.

That analysis examines not the individual elements that are used, but how they are expressed. An example observers have used time and again is how a song is copyrighted. Individual notes in the melody and individual words in the lyrics cannot be separately copyrighted. However, grouping those notes and words specifically, like to create a song, can be copyrighted.

Yet, in order to show infringement, the intellectual property owner would need to show the individual notes and how they are collected.

The same could be said about the non-original elements Axanar is trying to prohibit. While no one could copyright pointy ears, raised eyebrows, logical aliens or even the word “Vulcan” individually, if those elements are brought together to create the Vulcan race as depicted in Star Trek, it could indeed be copyrighted.

Finally, Axanar’s attorneys don’t want Paramount and CBS to bring up the “quality” of Prelude to Axanar or what Star Trek: Axanar intended to be.

“The fact that technology has reached a point where fans and individuals that are not huge corporations are able to create new, original works that appear to be high quality on a low budget is not the type of conduct that plaintiffs have the ability to halt through copyright law. Plaintiffs attempts to conflate amateur works with non-infringement and high-quality, professionally made works as infringing has no basis or support in law. 

“A work may qualify as fair use and non-infringing regardless of the quality or the skills and experience that went into creating it.”

The motion is a bit confusing, because only Axanar has brought up quality of its works in the past – not necessarily Paramount and CBS. Peters and some of his supporters have been quoted on multiple occasions in social media and interviews claiming they were targeted by the studios because the quality of their production rivaled their own.

However, part of a typical copyright case involves market confusion – when a consumer struggles to tell the difference between an authorized use of intellectual property and an unauthorized use. The growth in quality thanks to improving technology and the lax approach to fundraising has allowed fan-films to grow from basement home movies to studio-quality productions.

CBS and Paramount sued Axanar and Peters in December 2015 after the “independent” fan-film raised $1.4 million and opened a studio just outside Los Angeles intended not just for Axanar, but for other commercial projects as well.

The case is set for trial at the end of January.

h/t Jody Wheeler

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Michael Hinman

Michael Hinman

Managing Editor at GeekNation
Michael has spent more than 18 years of his way-long journalism career in entertainment reporting as the founder of SyFy Portal, which would become Airlock Alpha after he sold the SyFy brand to NBC Universal. He's based in New York City.
  • jackofalljacks

    Holy fucking Christ on a tick of butter! This stupid Erin Ranahan cunt is determined to be the dumbest lawyer there is and ever will be isn’t she?

    • Excuse me, but we don’t need that kind of talk here about people in the news. No matter what your opinion is of someone, this is NOT the forum for you to be using that kind of language and name-calling.

      If you cannot post here appropriately and at least with a modicum of respect, then please don’t post here. Thanks.

      • jackofalljacks

        Delete away or does the rules you’ve set up at CBS/Paramount v. Axanar apply here?

    • And while I might disagree with some of the tactics and positions of Ms. Ranahan, one thing I CANNOT say is that she is “dumb.” I don’t think that about her at all.

      • jackofalljacks

        Then you’ll have no problem hiring her to represent you when you need a pro-bono representation?

        • Bill Allen

          i’d take her for my lawyer…..mind you, I wont do anything really foolish like force her to include bizarre personal anecdotes about my mother, or talk about paranoid ‘smear campaigns’….i’d say ‘i’m in trouble, what do I do now?’ and then I would DO WHAT SHE SAID.

          if, for example, she said to stay off social media, make no comments about the trial or anything else until we are squared away (which is pretty much the first bit of advice every lawyer gives for everything) I would actually DO that.

        • I’d probably hire her if I had to pay her, too. I mean, she doesn’t come off as a bad lawyer at all … maybe in choosing her cases (or maybe she didn’t have much of a choice). But given what she has to work with, while I disagree with 90 percent of what she claims, if not more, it does seem she is doing as good as anyone could in representing this client.

  • Arron Ratcliff

    so is CBS/Paramount gonna be playing clips of those podcasts where peters was saying things Like of course it’s Star Trek or It’s an Independent Star Trek Film? cause I’d say after about five minutes of listening to him brag about how he was ripping Star Trek off the jury wound find him guilty and impose the maximum penalty.

    • Two quick things to note on this …

      The judge has yet to rule that this would be OK to do. This is a request by Axanar, nothing more.

      Second, it’s not a criminal case. No one will be found “guilty.” 🙂

      • Arron Ratcliff

        I’m not sure what else to call it when a jury rules against someone.And he did break copyright law so he could be considered guilty.I know in the eyes of lots fans he is guilty of a Crimes against Fandom.

        • Hehe, well, it’s a judgment against, or “found in favor of.” It’s a civil trial, so it would be treated a little differently. 🙂